Syrian Arab Republic | FAO promotes effective methods to improve beef production – Syrian Arab Republic


The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), through its Smallholder Support Program (SSP), will support vulnerable people small breeders with an integrated intervention to help improve their livelihood. FAO is supporting an artificial insemination project – initially for 15,000 cows, benefiting more than 5,000 families in the governorates of Deir Ez-Zor, Al-Hassakeh and Aleppo, and 30 percent of beneficiaries are households headed by women.

Despite the many challenges associated with the current economic crisis in Syria and the current Covid-19 pandemic, FAO was able to obtain 30,000 imported seed straws of high genetic value for the insemination program.

“The artificial insemination component of the SSP project – to produce calves and cows with high genetic value – is integrated into a feeding support program. The pandemic combined with movement and transportation restrictions have resulted in high prices and limited food availability; this integrated approach to feeding and breeding will make a significant contribution to improving animal production in the targeted areas, ”said Alfredo Impiglia, coordinator of the FAO Smallholder Support Program. “The main objective of this component is to increase the profits of the livestock of vulnerable small farmers, by improving the quality and quantity of milk production linked to milk processing. This will increase incomes and improve the livelihoods of small producers ”.

Contribute to the development of the Syrian livestock sector

The project will revitalize the livestock sector in the long term by improving milk production for cows, improving calf growth rates and preventing disease transmission among cattle.

“Artificial insemination of livestock is one of the fastest ways to control, implement and increase livestock production,” said Siraj Raya, FAO’s livestock manager in Syria. and an increase in the amount of milk among the offspring of the cows thanks to the carefully planned breeding program, ”added Siraj.

Basic technical training for veterinarians

Technical skills shortages have arisen in Syria over the past nine years. Livestock specialists and veterinarians are among the many trained experts who have been displaced or have left the country altogether due to safety and security concerns. The SSP also offers basic technical training and retraining to more than 150 veterinarians involved in the artificial insemination project. Theoretical and practical training topics focus on anatomy, nutrition, physiology, and methods to increase artificial insemination success rates.

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